Thursday, December 26, 2019

A Cleanliness Drive in Gardenreach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited along with MAKAUT

A Drive towards Cleanliness

Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Ltd (GRSE) conducts a Cleanliness Drive in connection with the observation of “Swachhta Pakhwada” from 1st to 15th Dec 2019

In this connection GRSE organised a workshop for Health, Hygiene and Plastic Management along with Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology (MAKAUT), WB. Prof. S Chakrabortty, Ms. Saswati Bhattacharya, Prof. Surajit Malakar and Mr. Atin Sengupta have attended the Workshop on behalf of MAKAUT. The Program was a grand success.   

Prof. S. Chakrabortty at the Program.

Saturday, December 21, 2019

Interested Faculties can still Enroll in the FDP on Augmented Reality (AR)/Virtual Reality(VR)

Inaugural Conference of the Faculty Development Program (FDP) on AR/VR Technology: a Grand Success

The Inauguration of the Conference. Those present at the lamp-lighting
ceremony (left to right) are Prof. Samir Mukherjee, Mr. Narendra Chaudhary,
Mr. Ankur Sabharwal, Dr. Swapan Maity, Prof. Saikat Maitra, Mr. Dhruba Banerjee.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology (MAKAUT), West Bengal arranged a gorgeous Conference on new age technologies Virtual Reality (VR)/ Augmented Reality (AR), Extended Reality (XR) and Mixed Reality (MR) on the 19th of December at ITC Sonar, Kolkata. The Conference was organised with all stakeholders, dignitaries and industry stalwarts to create awareness about this emerging technology. HP joined as Technology Partner, Intel, as Innovation Partner, Unity, as Software Solution Partner, ARVR Academia, as Training-Designer Partner and Pico joined as Research Partner. This Conference was actually the inaugural day of a Faculty Development Program (FDP) for 10 days, pertaining to a Training on Virtual Reality (VR)/ Augmented Reality (AR), to be arranged at the City Campus of the University at BF-142, Sector I, Salt Lake, Kolkata-700064 in Saturdays and Sundays, for the convenience of the faculties. Faculties from all affiliated colleges of MAKAUT, as well as other Colleges/Institutes in the eastern part of India are welcome to participate. Interested faculties can still enroll for the FDP.

Prof. Maitra delivering his speech at ITC Sonar in the AR/VR Conference.
At the inaugural Program, the Vice-Chancellor of MAKAUT Prof. (Dr.) Saikat Maitra said, “VR has the potentiality to revolutionize education. It can also be used by the corporate and business sectors for training their staffs.” Prof. Maitra also pointed out that this new technology has huge potential in the real estate sector and is very much helpful for the architects. They can demonstrate easily how a design will look like, when implemented. Similarly it has wide applications in healthcare, surgery, marketing, travel and tourism sectors. Prof. Maitra stressed on the fact that MAKAUT is the first University in West Bengal to develop courses, including diploma programs on VR/AR.
Prof. Samir Mukherjee, an international expert in this field and the coordinator of the FDP elaborated the necessity of the technology in this modern age and how it can be amalgamated with engineering.

Prof. Samir Mukherjee, Mr. Dhruba Banerjee,  Prof. Saikat Maitra, Dr. Swapan Maity,  Mr. Ankur Sabharwal and Mr. Narendra Chaudhary sitting at the Conference, just after the inauguration.
The two Panel Discussions were very interesting. In the first Panel the Topic was ‘Emerging Technology will bring a paradigm shift in the field of Engineering Education’.  Prof. P. N. Dutta was the Moderator. The second Panel Discussion was on the ‘Influence of AR/VR technology in new media and content creation’. The Moderator was Mr. Soumyajit Mahapatra, Chairman Public Relations Society of India (PRSI).
Prof. P. N. Dutta at the First Panel Discussion

Mr. Soumyajit Mahapatra at the Second Panel Discussion

Friday, December 20, 2019

A Science Congress with a difference at Haringhata Campus on 23rd, 24th December

Fourth Regional Science Congress with a Difference

The fourth Regional Science and Technology Congress 2019 is to be held at Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology (MAKAUT), WB, Haringhata, Nadia for the Southern Region. It will be held on  23rd and 24th of December 2019.
This year, the Science Congress will be organized with a different note. The Vice Chancellor of MAKAUT, Prof. (Dr.) Saikat Maitra always puts emphasis on entrepreneurship development and tries to encourage the students in this direction. the platform of the Science Congress will also be utilized to give a boost to such activities by the school and college students. The APC Roy Memorial Exhibition on Start-up and Entrepreneurship will be inaugurated on the very first day of the Science Congress. The legendary scientist Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy, despite being an academician, laid stress on entrepreneurial activities and himself founded the Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Ltd, as early as in 1892. It is India's first pharmaceutical company. Thus, instead of organizing a memorial lecture, this exhibition has been arranged to pay homage to him. 

The students are very enthusiastic about the exhibition and are waiting eagerly for the Science Congress. Students of different affiliated Colleges of MAKAUT and also school students have submitted different models which will be exhibited. More than 100 projects are also submitted by them. As this Science Congress is

for the Southern Region, students from North and South 24 Parganas, Kolkata, Howrah, Nadia and Murshidabad are participating. Competitions, Poster Presentations, Paper Presentations are organized as a part of the Exhibition.

Overall Objectives of the Congress :
  • To encourage the Scientific Temperament in West Bengal;
  • To popularise Science in the Vernacular Language;
  • To identify the present state of Scientific Research in West Bengal;
  • To synergise Scientific Research with Societal Needs;
  • To provide a forum for the flow of Scientific Ideas from Regional to State Level;
  • To encourage the Young Scientists in Scientific                                                         Research.

4th Regional Science & Technology Congress 
  • Western Region - The University of Burdwan : held on 12th to 13th December, 2019
  • Northern Region - Alipurduar College, Alipurduar : held on 18th to 19th December, 2019
  • Southern Region: held on 23rd to 24th December, 2019, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, Haringhata, Nadia.
27th West Bengal State Science & Technology Congress, 2020
  • Kolkata; 28th & 29th February, 2020 at Science City, Kolkata.

Selected papers from the Northern, Western and Southern regional Science and Technology Congresses will be presented at the West Bengal State Science and Technology Congress to be held at Science City, Kolkata during 28th and 29th February 2020.

The West Bengal State Science & Technology Congress (WBSSTC) provides a forum for interaction and deliberation, review of the present status of R&D efforts and to formulate strategies for better utilization of scientific and technical manpower for the overall development of the State of West Bengal. The event also provides a platform for encouraging talented young scientists of West Bengal to read and published their papers in vernacular language.

The Department of Science and Technology and Biotechnology (DSTBT), Government of West Bengal has identified 12 areas like Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Medical S
cience, Environmental Science, Earth Science, Botany, Zoology, Physiology, 'Agriculture-Fisheries and Animal Science', Engineering, 'Social Sciences & IPR etc and papers will be presented in these fields.

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

Courses on IPR and Technology Business Management with GOWB: Apply by 31.12.19.

Patent Rights: The Key to Entrepreneurship 

Science education is undergoing a sea change in recent years and tradition is making room for a new orientation of higher education. In order to keep resonance with the change, the Department of Science &Technology and Biotechnology (DSTBT) of the Government of West Bengal is working hand in hand with Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology (MAKAUT), WB.

The most recent outcome of this cooperation is the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the  Patent Information Centre of the West Bengal State Council of Science & Technology (under the department of Science & Technology and Biotechnology) and MAKAUT, WB on the 24th of July, 2019, at Vigyan Chetana Bhavan, Salt Lake, Kolkata to introduce three courses on Intellectual Property Rights (patent rights) and Technology Business Management for venturing into entrepreneurship.

The Courses on Intellectual Property Rights and Technology Business Management are as follows:

  1. One Year Post Graduate Diploma 
  2. Six Months' Certificate Course
  3. Three months' Certificate Course

DSTBT is inviting application for admission to all the three courses and classes will start shortly.

Government of West Bengal
Department of Science & Technology and Biotechnology
(Vigyan Chetana Bhavan, 26 B, DD –Block, Salt Lake- Kolkata-700 091)
In collaboration with
Maulana  Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology , West Bengal
(Formerly  Known  as  West Bengal University of Technology)
Haringhata, Nadia and BF-142, Sector-1, Salt Lake (Kolkata Campus)
Invites Application for Admission to the Three Courses.

Last Date of Application:
31st December 2019

Minimum Qualification: Graduation from Recognized University

Career Opportunities: After passing out, there will be opportunities to work in Multi-national Corporations (MNCs), Knowledge Process Outsourcing firms (KPOs), Indian Patent Office, GoI, Other Government Organizations , Institutions, Universities' IPR cell, IP law firm etc. Above all these courses will equip the learners to venture into start-ups and prove their talents in entrepreneurship.

For details: Please visit website:

 Learning Outcomes
  •      Study techno-legal strategy to protect Intellectual Property to avoid Intellectual Crimes and Plagiarism
  •     Identify current  trends of  Technology business areas globally  using IPR as a tool
  •         Ability to interpret  patentability and other IPRs and its protection mechanism
  •       Be familiar with Intellectual Property Rights Management which include case studies to demonstrate an application of the concepts of engineering, creative design, science, and technology.
  •       Ability to analyze  the case studies of several Technology area
  •          Identify the mechanism of finding out potential areas for Technology business using IPR as a tool
  •          Basic idea of IP and Technology Business management
  •         Economic prosperity using IPR as a tool
  •          Basic idea on Creativity Idea generation and product development, and learn how to overcome barriers to creativity with valuable insights from renowned Faculty through relevant case studies and examples
  •         Successful Implementation of Creativity, Designing Innovation

 To know details about the syllabus please click on the following link:

Monday, December 16, 2019

Conference and FDP on VR/AR Technology, Inauguration 19th December

Know About the New Age Technologies VR/AR/MR/XR:
Inaugural Conference on 19th of December 2019

Countdown begins for the Conference on Virtual Reality (VR)/ Augmented Reality (AR), which is to be organized in cooperation with Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology (MAKAUT), WB and industry experts. A grand meet will be organized at ITC Sonar, Kolkata on the 19th of December. That will be followed by a Faculty Development Program (FDP) spanning over 10 days, which will be arranged at the Salt Lake Campus of MAKAUT, which is open to all interested College Faculties. It will not be restricted to faculties of MAKAUT affiliated Colleges, but all other Colleges.

The Hon'ble Vice-Chancellor of MAKAUT, Prof. (Dr.) Saikat Maitra will inaugurate the Program on the 19th December at ITC Sonar. Prof. Samir Mukherjee and Prof. Prasanta Narayan Dutta of MAKAUT will be the Joint-Coordinators of the event. 

In fact the use of Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) is growing across sectors by leaps and bounds. The organizations and institutions involving entertainment, media, education, retail, real estate, automobiles etc are using these technologies to involve their core audience, Customers or users. The faculties teaching in different colleges can never keep themselves aloof from this emerging technology, as they are the key persons entrusted with the task of nation building and influencing the minds of the young generation. In fact, VR/AR technologies are becoming more and more important as media of instruction in the teaching-learning process. It is needless to mention that through this mode of instruction the learner can penetrate in the subject matter lucidly and vividly.

It is in this perspective that Maulana Azad University of Technology (MAKAUT), West Bengal is going to arrange the Faculty Development Program (FDP) for 10 days, pertaining to a Training for Virtual Reality (VR)/ Augmented Reality (AR), commencing on 19th December 2019. It will be arranged at the City Campus of the University at BF-142, Sector I, Salt Lake, Kolkata-700064 in Saturdays and Sundays, for the convenience of the faculties It may be mentioned at this point that MAKAUT is the nodal State University in the field of Engineering, Management and other Technical areas with more than 200 affiliated colleges.

The Course Co-ordinator is Prof. Samir Mukherjee, the Head of the Department of Emerging Technology & VR/AR/MR/XR, MAKAUT. An eminent personality in this field, Prof. Mukherjee is the Founder and Creative Technologist of VR AR Academia, India. His field of interest is amalgamation of art, culture and technology into a distinct bend of novelty. He is the Ambassador of World VR forum, Geneva, Director of International VR Foundation, Beijing, China and Chapter President ARVRA, USA.
VR AR Academia is a Virtual/Augmented Reality Training organisation dedicated to transforming the way content is delivered and consumed globally. It does so by creating experts and trainers on VR/AR who can integrate VR/AR in schools, news & media, hospitals, engineering and various industries and even in retail and logistics business.

Day by day it is being widely accepted that VR/AR technologies are becoming more and more important as media of instruction in the teaching-learning process. It is needless to mention that through this mode of instruction the learner can penetrate in the subject matter lucidly and vividly. It is in this perspective that MAKAUT is arranging this FDP.

The standee at the Salt Lake Campus of MAKAUT, with the
names of different speakers to be present at the inaugural day.

For Web Streaming log in to:

Augmented Reality (AR) adds digital elements to a live view often by using the camera on a smart phone. Virtual Reality (VR) implies a complete immersion experience that shuts out the physical world. Extended Reality (XR) refers to all real-and-virtual environments generated by computer graphics and wearables. Mixed Reality (MR) experience, which combines elements of both AR and VR, real-world and digital objects interact.

About the Course and Speakers:

 Day 1: The day of the inauguration on 19th December 2019, where the industry stalwarts will explain the necessity of this emerging technology viz. VR-AR-MR-XR, VR Academia, Unity, HP, Accenture, Ericsson & Didactics etc. will participate.

Day 2: Introduction to VR/AR/MR/XR, its contribution in the education sector, and its benefit by incorporating it into other fields of studies. 
Prof. Samir Mukherjee will speak on the same.

Day 3: Foundation Course in Multimedia/Animation/2D/3D is the starting approach for VR/AR/MR/XR Technology.
Ms. Brati Chatterjee, veteran multimedia industry practitioner and instructor working in Accenture will give a lecture on the same.

Day 4: Basic Software Programming, algorithm knowledge and application required for 360/VR/AR/MR/XR. 
Prof. Arnab Chakraborty will discuss the programming part.

Day 5: VR storytelling, how is VR story telling different from 2D/3D Film storytelling. Training in making VR/AR story writing, story boarding and screenplay. 
Ms. Sayantani Putatunda will speak on the same in the first half and Ms. Dhriti Chatterjee who is a VR film maker will speak on the same in the second half.

Day 6: VR in education: It is the next internet like technology advancement and will cause a paradigm shift in the education Industry. It will be a panel discussion with Industry and Educational & Engineering professionals.

Day 7: VR film making & editing, Viewing different creative contents, learning methodology of VR Content creation, VR film stitching and ingesting, A hands on course in how to successfully make a VR film. 
Ms.Dhriti Chatterjee will speak on the same in the first half and Prof. Samir Mukherjee will speak on the same in the second half.

Day 8: 360 Audio recording & editing, 360 Lighting arrangements for VR Film making, film distribution methodology – Training in the non-content technical aspect of VR film making.
Prof Samir Mukherjee will speak on the same in the first half and Ms.Dhriti Chatterjee will speak on the same in the second half.

Day 9: VR/XR IN PROJECTS & Start-ups, different utility, advertisement, Industry applications, Games & Entertainment segments, how VR can be used for more than just education.
Mr. Avik Banerjee will speak on the same.

Day 10:
·         Practical & question answer Session
·         Small Project & Hands-on session
·         Certificate distribution

All interested faculty members from MAKAUT, WB  as well as faculties from other institutions are most welcome to enrol themselves in the below mentioned link.

A view of the standee at the Salt Lake Campus

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Digital Surveillance of the Examination System

A New Mode of Surveillance at Examination Halls

 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology (MAKAUT), WB has devised a new way of surveillance in examination halls to ensure the quality of education in all its affiliated Colleges/Institutions.

An Examination Hall under CC Camera supervision
University observers, busy at surveillance of examination halls at the studio.
The University has asked all the affiliated Colleges to install CCTV in Examination Halls and a complementary device is installed in its Salt Lake Campus for monitoring the entire examination system.

In this digital mode of surveillance, a number of Examination Halls of different Colleges are brought under surveillance at the same time all over West Bengal. As this continuous monitoring of almost 200 affiliated colleges simultaneously is not possible under the traditional system, the University hopes that it will maintain a uniformity in the monitoring of Examination Halls.

Thus it will ensure proper evaluation of students, by checking the tendency of some students to adopt unfair means in examinations. The process has already started from the ongoing Odd-Semester Examination.

A number of examination centres brought under supervision simultaneously. 
The Controller of Examinations Dr. Subhashis Datta said that his section is supervising the entire process and the response from the Colleges is very satisfactory. If there is any complaint regarding students resorting to unfair means, proper steps are taken by the University. The Observers from government bodies are continuously present and monitoring the situation.

MAKAUT hopes that the students will get justice for their efforts under the new system of surveillance and this will help to improve the quality of education for the entire state of West Bengal.


Wednesday, December 11, 2019

MAKAUT Wants to be a Part of Protecting the Heritage

Preserve the Heritage, Preserve our identity

The history and culture of any country is embedded in the traces left behind by its past generations in the form of monuments, temples, buildings. We construct our identities from stories, objects and buildings that conjure up our ancestors' past: their glories, tragedies, or simply their day-to-day lives. We often imagine the people who once walked through its doors, worshiped under its roof and shaped the world we live in today. It is from this perspective that preserving the heritage assumes so much importance.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology (MAKAUT), WB gives prime importance to preserving he rich heritage of India and wants to be an integral part of heritage preservation. 

In this context, to bridge the gap between the demand and supply of of professionals and to encourage the young generation towards studying Archaeology, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology (MAKAUT), WB is introducing the following courses:

1.One year PG Diploma in Archaeology (Duration 400 Hours)
2.One year Diploma course in Conservation & Restoration (Duration 400 Hours)

    3.Certificate course for 90 days in Conservation, Restoration & Antiquarian Law (Duration 120 Hours)

Before coming to the Course details, let us understand more clearly the importance of preserving the history, the monuments, buildings and so on.

India has a rich heritage of Buddhism, Jainism and Brahmanic monuments, many forts, temples, mosques and and other places of worship. However, many monuments are in a neglected state which in due course, if not protected, will crumble. Very often the sculptured panels get stolen and used as a support stone for modern constructions in many parts of India. This is definitely causing a great loss to our country. 

Moreover, heritage buildings are very often damaged due to unpredictable changing patterns of environment, the floods and pollution also helps in fast degradation of ancient monuments. The younger generation often are not aware of the importance of heritage preservation. Government organization Archaeological Survey of India (A S I) is playing a pioneering role in preserving the noted monuments but mostly the smaller temples of architectural grandeur are neglected.

Some methods that should be adopted by ASI as well as NGOs towards protection campaign are:

  • .      Creating awareness amongst local people and young children is the priority point as the future of our heritage lies in the shaping of young children. All schools should arrange for listing the heritage monuments of their state and locality and think of appropriate protection methods.
  • .       School children should be taken on weekend excursions to these neglected monuments and guided about its history and preservation methods.
  • .      Villagers should be encouraged to use the places of worship for offering prayers and at the same time protect the structures. For this ASI should make the initial cleaning sessions, improve approach roads and appointing the priests who should take care of the temple as it becomes a source of livelihood for priests also.

  • .     All neglected monuments in dilapidated condition should get digitally mapped and picturized so that the theft of panels gets noticed.
  • .    Rest rooms and availability of water and soft drinks should be made available near the ancient monuments so that more people can visit these places and tourism improves. 
  •   Religious festivals should be performed which helps people understand our history, heritage and take pride in protecting the monuments. The proceeds / income from tourism should go to the local community so that they have incentives to maintain the monument.
  • .  Archaeological conferences meet and symposiums should be arranged in or near by heritage monuments so that the remote sites get the much-needed attention and publicity.
  • .     Scholars from Multi-disciplinary committees like geography and geology should be interlinked with archaeology projects and seminars so that the problems related to the survey of area, the state of stones and the leakage in monuments and land grabbing are arrested.
  •     Archaeological conferences should give ownership of projects involving cleaning and protection methods to younger scholars or students of archaeology who participate in conferences.
  • .  The contribution and innovative ideas and scientific methods from younger minds should be encouraged to promote enthusiasm.
  •     CCTV cameras should be part of every monument to check vandalism and theft. 
  •     Photographers including drone photography should be commissioned to document the current state of historical sites. It should be made accessible to all public groups for better awareness.

The courses to be introduced by MAKAUT aims at creating professionals suitable for preservation of our ancient heritage. The faculties in the concerned subjects will familiarise the students with studies of literary sources like Shilpa Shastra, Manasollasa, Natya Sastra, Roopmandana, Aparaajitapricha, Jataka tales, Panchtantra, Jain mythology etc. The students will know about difference in Plan structure of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain temples so that they become more friendly with original structure while conservation/ restoration is taken. Students will be introduced to mythology, epics and puranic episodes as most of the monument/temples have stories carved.

Further students will be taught about geology so that they know stone in each monument. Sandstone figures are different from granite ones or schist ones and need different method of treatment. A training will be given to know how to clean sculptures and panels as sandstone cleaning is different from granite or Mathura stone figures. They will be knowing about the serious damage being caused and how and where weeds are growing on monuments. How the roots make the structure weak and leads to leaking of rain water and further growth of additional plants. The technical handling of sculptures while transporting for exhibitions and decoration methods without damaging.

Pollution and blasts near the temple premises causing damage and its remedy will be taught. Fractal and golden ratios knowledge will also be a part of this course. In calamities how to handle monuments during rain and fire. Fixation of close circuit T.V in all monuments and to have Aesthetics matching while conserving as well as digital documentation of small and big sculptures.

     Job Prospects

      These courses will be very useful for those students who will go for job in Conservation and Restoration/ Archaeology/ Geology/ Anthropology by Government/Semi government departments/NGO’s in India or abroad/ Universities etc.

   The detailes Syllabus is as follows:

1. PG Diploma in Archaeology

SYLLABUS DETAILS                          400 Hrs
Module 1                                                 30 Hr


The site of the lost city of Dwarka
i) Definition of Heritage and Archaeology

ii) Difference between Archaeology and History

iii) How Archaeology is more scientific than History

iv) Methods for determination of period of structure and monuments.

v) Maritime archaeology and its importance

vi) Case study of Dwarka

Module 2                                                        30 Hrs 

i) How to make archaeology more scientific.

ii) Interdependence of science and archaeology

iii) Relationship of Archaeology with other sciences like Anthropology, Geology, Architecture, Designing, Physics (for determination of age by the method of Carbon 14 dating), Sociology, History, Psychology and Physiology.

iv) Latest excavations and findings.

v) How history can be supplemented by latest discoveries interdependence of both.

Module 3              35 Hrs


i) Introduction to Prehistory

ii) Prehistoric beginning: Geological, biological and cultural dimensions of humans

iii) Human origin and Geological time scale: Late tertiary (Miocene and Pliocene) and Quaternary Periods, Plio-Pleistocene boundary, Paleomagnetic records, Pleistocene and Holocene epochs. Major environment and climate changes of Pleistocene. Pleistocene and Marine Isotopic Stages (MIS)

iv) Pleistocene Flora and Fauna

v) Main stages of human evolution and important fossil records: Hominin ancestors of the Late Miocene, Pliocene and Pleistocene, Pre-Australopiths, Australopiths and Homo. Hypotheses on modern human dispersal.

vi) Acheulian and the Flake and Blade based industries of the Stone Age.

vii) Palaeolithic cultural development in the world context.

viii) Prehistoric Art: antiquity, significance, distribution.

ix) Palaeolithic cultural developments in the Indian subcontinent- The Sohan Valley and the Geo-chronology and Stone age cultures of India.

x) Lower Palaeolithic culture.

xi) Middle Palaeolithic culture.

xii) The upper Palaeolithic culture.

xiii) Mesolithic and Neolithic cultures.

Module 4           
30 Hrs


i) Towards urbanisation: The Harappan culture, village farming; Pre Harappan; Post urban Harappan; Decline of Harappan.

ii) Other chalcolithic cultures of India. The copper Hoard and Ochre colour Pottery. Chalcolithic remains in Ganga basin. Kayatha culture, Malwa culture of Narmada valley and its geographic distribution. Chalcolithic culture of Deccan region.

iii) Iron age, Antiquity of Iron in India & its early stage. Painted grey ware, Northern black polished ware. The megalithic culture.

Module 5           
30 Hrs


i) The beginning of the Early Historic Period and emergence of urban cultures in the Ganga Valley and Peninsular India.

ii) Important sites of Historical Period: Sringaverpura, Ahichhatra, Atiranjikhera, Hastinapur, Khairadih, Chandarketugarh, Nasik, Adam, Satanikota, Nagarjunakonda, Arikamedu, Kodumanal, Pattanam.

Module 6      35 Hrs



i) Art in prehistoric India.

ii) Art in protohistoric India – sculpture in diverse mediums, paintings and other works of art.

iii) Ancient Indian art in diverse mediums (stone, terracotta, stucco, bone, ivory, metals, etc.): Maurya, Sunga, Satavahana, Kushan, Gupta, Vakataka, Pallava, Chalukya, and Rashtrakuta art traditions with special reference to different art centres / schools, e.g. Amaravati, Bharhut, Sanchi, Mathura, Gandhara, Sarnath, Mahabalipuram, Kanchipuram, Badami, Aihole, Ajanta, Ellora and Bhubaneswar.

iv) Early medieval Indian art styles: Pratihara, Chandella , Paramara, Chola, Hoysala, Pala and Kakatiya.

v) Early and medieval mural paintings- technique and styles: with special reference to Ajanta, Bagh, Sittannavasal, Ellora, Thanjavur, etc.

vi) Miniature paintings: Rajasthani Deccani, Mughal and Pahari schools.

vii) Survey of metal images of India with special reference to Pala, Pallava, Chola and Kashmiri styles.


i) Antiquity and concept of Indian Iconography.

ii) Brief introduction to sources, mudras, asanas and ayudhas of deities.

iii) Brahmanical Iconography: Siva, Vishnu, Surya, Brahma, Ganesa, Karttikeya, Devi (Mahishamardini, Saptamatrikas, Parvati, Lakshmi) Navagrahas and Ashta-dikpalas.

iv) Buddhist Iconography: origin of Buddha images, Dhyani Buddha, Bodhisattva (Avalokiteswara, Maitreya, Manjusri), Tara, Maha Mayuri and Prajnaparamita.

v) Jain Iconography: Evolution of Jaina images, Adinatha, Neminatha, Parsvanatha, Mahavira, Bahubali, Yaksha-yakshi with special reference to Chakresvari, Ambika, Padmavati and Sarasvati.

Module 7        
35 Hrs


i) Protohistoric architecture with emphasis on Harappan town planning

ii) Development of architecture from early historical times to 12th century A.D. with special reference to stupas, viharas, chaityas and rock-cut caves

iii) Development of temple architecture and its regional variations with special reference to Deogarh, Bhitargaon, Martand, Nalanda, Osian, Khajuraho, Bhubaneswar, Aihole, Kanchipuram, Thanjavur, Halebidu, Diwara, Madurai, Hampi

iv) Indo-Islamic architecture: Delhi Sultanate, Mughal period, provincial styles with special reference to Deccani states and medieval water architecture. Layout of gardens in India through the ages (Dholpur, Humayun’s Tomb, Akbar’s Tomb, Shalimar, Taj Mahal, Nishat)

v) Fort architecture with special reference to Rajgir, Sirkap, Sishupalgarh, Ujjain, Mathura, Pauni, Qila Raipithora, Hampi, Daulatabad, Chittogarh, Jaisalmer.

Module 8          30 Hrs



i) Antiquity of writing in old world civilizations (Pictograph, Ideogram, Syllabic and Logo-Syllabic to Alphabet)

ii) Epigraphy as a source of Indian history

iii) Writing material and antiquity of writing in India

iv) Origin and development of Kharoshthi and Brahmi scripts

v) Eras and Dates in Indian inscriptions

vi) Symbols and Signs in Indian inscriptions

vii) Early Indian numerals

viii) Study of seals, sealings and copper plates

ix) Study of some important inscriptions from north and south India

a) Asokan Rock Edict XIII, Pillar Edict II

b) Hathigumpha inscription of Kharvela

c) Besnagar inscription of Helidorus

d) Junagadh inscription of Rudradaman I

e) Allahabad pillar inscription of Samudragupta

f) Aihole inscription of Pulakesin II

g) Ikshvaku inscription of Virapurushadatta

h) Nasik cave inscription of Gautamiputra Satakarni

i) Banskhera inscription of Harshavardhana

j) Mandagapattu inscription of Mahendravarman I

k) Uttiramerur inscription of Parantaka I

l) Brihadeswara temple inscription of Rajaraja Chola I

x) Paleography – North Indian Scripts: Early Brahmi; Sunga, Kushana and Kshatrapa inscriptions; Gupta and post-Gupta inscriptions; Sarada; Gaudiya; Box-headed and
Nail-headed characters; Siddhamatrika; Evolution of Nagari scripts.

xi) Palaeography – South Indian scripts: Tamil-Brahmi; Satavahana, Ikshvaku and Kadamba inscriptions; Origin and development of Telugu-Kannada script; Pallava-Grantha;; Grantha; Tamil script; Vatteluttu.

xii) Developmental stages of the following Brahmi letters: a, ka, cha, na, pa, bha, ma, ya, sha, sa, ha.

xiii) Use of diacritical marks

xiv) Arabic and Persian Inscriptions: broad characteristics of the main varieties of Arabic and Persian inscriptions found in Indo-Islamic calligraphy.

xv) Arabic and Persian calligraphy with special reference to Kufic, Nask, Thulth, Nastaliq, Tughra, Shikasta, Makus.

xvi) Arabic numerals, chronograms and eras.

xvii) Use of diacritical marks.


i) Numismatics as a source of history

ii) Origin and antiquity of coinage in India

iii) Coins from excavations and their significance

iv) Metal content of coins, weight and shape

v) Authority of issuing coins – Janapadas, Cities, Guilds, Ganas and Dynasties

vi) Technique of minting coins: Punch-marked, cast, die-struck and mints in the medieval period.

vii) Broad characteristics and identification of dynastic coins: Punch-marked, cast copper coins, Indo-Greek, Saka, Satavahana, Kushan, Gupta, Huna, Indo-Sassanian (Gadhaiya), and Rajput.

viii) Broad characteristics and identification of coins of Chola, Delhi Sultanate, Vijayanagara, Mughal, Kashmir and Ahom.

Module 9              35 Hrs


i) Introduction to Museology

a) Definition of museology and museography

b) History of development of museums in the world with special reference to India

c) Types of museums, their scope and functions

ii) Collection, Documentation and Preservation

a) Collection policies, ethics and procedures

b) Collection: field exploration, excavation, purchase, gift and bequests, loans and deposits, exchanges, treasure trove, confiscation and others

c) Documentation: accessioning, indexing, cataloguing, digital documentation and de- accessioning

d) Preservation: curatorial care, preventive conservation, chemical preservation and restoration

iii) Museum Presentation/ Exhibition

a) Types of exhibits and exhibitions, exhibition designing, planning, fabrication, installation and related issues

b) Principles of display for permanent exhibition and reserve collection

c) Objectives and communication goals, target audience, concept development, story line, designing and layout of exhibits, gallery development, space, showcases and structural installation, colour scheme, lighting, labels & scripts, evaluation

d) Temporary, travelling, mobile and exhibitions abroad

iv) Museum Education and Communication

a) In house educational programmes and activities, outreach programmes

b) Educational activities like lectures, seminars, workshops, museum camps, special celebrations

c) Use of multimedia in museums

v) Museum Research and Publications

a) Research based on museum collections, research publications, catalogue

b) Popular publications such as guide books, brochures, worksheets, pamphlets, posters, picture postcards

c) Museological research, visitor surveys and exhibit evaluation studies

vi) Museum Management

a) Museum Management and administration: security, public safety, insurance, budgeting and human resources

b) Museum architecture, adaptation and use of old buildings

c) Forgeries, copies, replicas, reproductions

d) Museum Marketing

e) ICOM code of professional ethics and statutes

f) National and international organizations related to museums

g) Relevant laws on antiquities and art treasures

h) Guidelines for loans

vii) Practical work: students shall undertake practical work and assignments related to the topics of study.

Module 10                40 Hrs


i) History and Principles of Conservation

a) History of archaeological conservations

b) General principles and guidelines for conservation and preservation of monuments/ sites & excavated remains in India and historic gardens

c) Guiding principles of conservation/ preservation of monuments as per international conventions

d) Role of Archaeological Survey of India in the preservation of monuments in India and abroad

e) Salvaging and transplantation of monuments

f) Reconstruction and restoration of monuments

g) Projects execution of conservation of important monuments

h) Preservation and environmental development

i) Importance of knowledge of archaeology, civil engineering, art and architecture for conservation of monuments

j) Exposure to indigenous practices/ techniques and treaties (eg. manasara, agamas, etc)

k) Distribution of monuments in different geographical/ seismic zones and their conservation problem

ii) Materials and Techniques

a) Stone: classification, quarries, selection, specifications, defects, types of masonry, techniques of jointing and pointing

b) Bricks: types, kilns, material composition, techniques of manufacturing, characteristics, specifications, bonding and laying, coloured tiles and ceramics

c) Wood: structure of timber, seasoning, defects and treatment, use in buildings, causes of decay and remedies

d) Metals and alloys: definition of terms, iron ores, manufacture of iron, different types or iron steel and their use in building, protection f metals against corrosion

e) Non-ferrous metals: copper, lead zinc, tin and gun metal

f) Concrete: Lime and cement concrete, their composition and use in building, reinforced cement concrete, water proofing, deterioration of concrete and repairs, surface treatment with concrete, shot concrete (guniting)

g) Mortar: definition of mortar, types of ancient mortar and concrete, lime mortar, its composition and specifications, cement mortar, mud mortar, special mortar for inlay and marble work, synthetic mortar, resins and their uses as adhesives and consolidants.

iii) Scaffolding

Types of scaffolding, temporary supports, propping and strutting, centering, shoring, timbering of deep trenches, providing of chutes, safety measures.

iv) Foundations

a) Definition of foundation and footing

b) Foundation in ancient buildings

c) Types of foundation

d) Typical failure of foundation

e) Consolidating and strengthening of foundations

f) Water proofing

v) Inspection of Monuments

a) The purpose of periodical inspection

b) Studying the problems of conservation and preservation and drawing of conservation notes

c) Study of crack patterns

d) General assessment, such as administrative problems and security measures

vi) Constructional Members (Pillars, Beams, Arches, Domes and Vaults)

a) Grouting by pressure and gravity

b) Pointing, types of pointing

c) Underpinning

d) Rock bolting, filleting and edging

e) Inlay work

f) Stucco work

g) Tile work

h) Glass work/ mirror wok/ stained glass work

i) Monitoring of cracks (tell-tales and strain gauges)

j) Plastering (walls and ceilings), lathing, packing with lime concrete and surface treatment, water tightening the tops, purity of water

k) Conservation of excavated remains

l) Use of dowels

m) Rising damp/ penetrating damp/ water drainage

vii) Estimating and costing

a) Special repairs estimate

b) Annual repairs estimate

c) Original works estimate

d) Supplementary and revised estimates

e) Schedule of rates and analysis of rates

f) Engineering appreciations

g) Conservation policy and planning

h) Administrative problems and logistics

Module 11                                                                                        30 Hrs 


i) Introduction:

Ethics of conservation, restoration and preservation and its history

ii) Basic Chemistry

a) Inorganic and organic chemistry

b) Elements and compounds

c) Metals (Silver, Gold, Copper, Iron, Lead) and non-metals

d) Alloys

e) Acids, bases and salts

f) pH, ionic and non-ionic solutions

g) Solubility, solvents and insolubility

h) Micro-climate

iii) Causes of Decay

a) Physical, chemical and biological deteriorating agencies

b) Air-pollution – monitoring and control

c) Environmental parameters – monitoring

d) Preventive and curative methods of control

iv) Documentation

a) Preparation of history chart, status report

b) Photography, Ultraviolet, Infrared and Radiography

c) Fakes and forgeries with case studies

v) Metallic Antiquities (Gold, Silver, Copper, Bronze, Lead, Iron)

a) Ores, source of origin and metallurgy

b) Causes of decay and corrosion

c) Consolidation and treatment in the field

d) Laboratory treatment, preservation and general maintenance

vi) Organic Antiquities (Ivory, Bone, Horn, Leather, Parchment, Furs, Paper, Birch Bark, Palm Leaf, Wood and Textile)

a) Material and its composition

b) Causes of decay

c) Treatment in field and laboratory

d) Fumigation, bleeding, strengthening, drying and lamination

e) Consolidation, repairs and general maintenance

vii) Siliceous, Calcareous and Argillaceous antiquities (Stone, Semi-precious Stone, Mineral, Mud, Terracotta, Pottery, Glass, Glaze, Faience, Stucco)

a) Chemical composition

b) Causes of decay

c) Treatment in field and laboratory

d) Consolidation and repair

viii) Monuments

a) Building materials – problems of stones, bricks, mortars and lime

b) Causes of decay

c) Cleaning, consolidation and preservation

d) Techniques – chemical wash, sand blast, paper pulp, clay pack, mist and jelly techniques

ix) Paintings

a) Factors – material structure and pigments

b) Causes of decay

c) Treatment

d) Consolidation, restoration, repair and general maintenance

1. Mural Paintings: Types – fresco, secco and tempera; Composition of ground support, etc; Factors – Ground, binding, medium and pigment; Transplantation (mounting, packing and transportation)

2. Oil paintings: Historical background, origin in Europe and India; Factors – carrier, ground, pigment and varnish; Mechanical disintegration of canvas and paint layers

3. Miniature paper paintings and manuscripts: Factors – paper, paints, pigments, dyes, medium; Determination of pH of paper, its folding endurance, tensile strength, percentage of cellulose

4. Paintings on cloth, glass, wood, ivory and leather: Factors – material, pigment, dyes

x) Case Study of Monuments and Antiquarian Remains

xi) Authentication of antiquities by Scientific aids

xii) Establishment of Field Laboratory (Necessary Instruments, Tools, Equipments and

xiii) Practical

a) Treatment and cleaning of metal antiquities

b) Treatment, cleaning and strengthening of mural paintings

c) Treatment of canvas and miniature paintings

d) Cleaning and treatment of stones, marble, plaster, etc

e) Laboratory procedures and determination of pH, etc

Module 12          40 Hrs


i) Introduction

a) History of antiquarian laws in India

b) Problems and implementation

ii) Important Legislations:

a) The Indian Treasure Trove Act, 1878

b) The Ancient Monuments Preservation Act, 1904

c) The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958

d) The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Rules, 1959

e) The Antiquities and Art Treasures Act, 1972

f) The Antiquities and Art Treasures rules, 1973

iii) Related Act and Rules

a) Land Acquisition Act 1894

b) Public Premises (Eviction of unauthorised occupants) Act, 1971

c) Public Premises (Eviction of unauthorised occupants) Rules

iv) International Conventions

a) The Athens Charter for the Restoration of Historic Monuments, 1931

b) UNESCO Convention for the protection of cultural property in the event of war and conflict (Hague), 1954

c) The Venice Charter, 1964

d) Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property, 1970

e) Convention concerning the protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, 1972

f) UNESCO Recommendation for the protection of movable cultural property, 1978

g) The Burra Charter, 1979

h) Historic Gardens – The Florence Charter, 1981

i) Charter for the Protection and Management of the Archaeological Heritage, 1990

j) Guidelines on Education and Training in the Conservation of Monuments, Ensembles and Sites, 1993

k) Nara document on Authenticity, 1994

l) Charter on the Protection and Management of Underwater Cultural Heritage, 1996

m) Principles for the Recording of Monuments, Groups of Buildings and Sites, 1996

n) International Cultural Tourism Charter, 1999

o) Charter on Built Vernacular Heritage, 1999

p) Principles for the Preservation and Conservation/ Restoration of Wall Paintings, 2003

q) Principles for the Analysis, Conservation and Structural Restoration of Architectural Heritage, 2003

v) Practical Test: 

Surveying, Drawing, Photography, Modelling, Exploration & Excavation, Chemical Conservation, Computer Application, Viva-voce, General observations, Tutorials and Museum display, Dissertation.

Course duration: 1 year
Eligibility: MA in Archaeology/Ancient history/, M.Sc in Chemistry/Anthropology/ Geology.

   2. Diploma in Conservation & Restoration

      SYLLABUS DETAILS                                                                                                       400 Hrs

     Module 1                                                                                                                                50 Hrs
Principles Guidelines and Laws: National and International

   Unit - I :     

            a.  Concept of Conservation
            b.  Conservation as a multidisciplinary science.
            c.  Theories, modern principles and guidelines.
          d.    Conservation- approach, attitude, professional ethics and scope of                                                   entrepreneurship, consciousness towards authenticity

Unit-II :           
Concept of Cultural Property

 a.         Definition of cultural property and                             types
            b.         Values, significance, concept of                                  National Heritage.
            c.         World Heritage Convention
            d.         World Heritage Site

Unit-III :    
Principles and Guidelines

               a.   International recommendations for the conservation of cultural property,                                        the International Charters
                      b.     Principles and guidelines for conservation and preservation of monuments,                                     sites and excavated remains in India
                              c.      International conventions, prevention of illicit import and exports
                              d.     Transfer of ownership of cultural property    
Unit-IV :    
Laws and Regulations           

                   a.       History of antiquarian laws in India and abroad
                   b.     The Indian Treasure Trove Act, 1878; land acquisition Act 1894. The Ancient                                Monuments and Archaeological Sites and remains Act 1904
      c.       Ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains Act 1958 and Rules 1959. The Antiquities Art treasure Act 1972. Export Protection Act 1986
                   d.    Social responsibility of Management/Organizations

Unit - V :    
Planning and Action

a.                   Renovation and restoration of monuments and objects and surroundings,               
b.                  Reuse and Rehabilitation of sites, monuments and building
            c.         Environment Protection and sustainable developments
            d.         Strategy, planning and resources.
Module 2                                                                                                                                50 Hrs

      Architectural, Engineering Technology, Nature and Use of Material

Unit-I :                   
Architectural Technology

a.         Basic principle and concepts of architectural technology
b.         Architectural design and functional requirements      and factors influencing architecture
            c.         Architectural design and engineering systems           
            d.         The integration of various building and supports systems

Unit-II :      
Engineering Technology

            a.         Basic Principles and concepts of construction engineering technology
            b.         Interrelated nature of structures, construction and environmental system
            c.         Structural forms and arches, slabs, plates, beams, curved surface structures
            d.         Lateral forces and static and dynamic loads and structural technology

Unit-III :    
Structural Systems and Elements
            a.         Sub structure: Foundation, walls, piers and columns
b.                  Super structure I: Beams, arches, vaults, domes
c.                   Super structure II:  Brackets, Chhatris, Door, Windows, Balconies etc.
d.         Farm-work: centering, scaffolding (wood and steel) trusses and frames, joints and joining

Nature and Properties and specification of building Material

            a.         Lime–– types, manufacturing process, and uses
            b.         Cement and concrete for external rendering, physical and chemical properties,                                permeability
            c.         Stones
            d.         Other building materials and finishes- wood, mud, clay etc.

Unit V:       
Usage of Material in Architecture
            a.         History of use of architectural material
            b.         Mortars used in architecture
            c.         Structural material, timber–causes of decay etc.
d.                  Decorative architectural material

* Practical include Site Visit
Module 3                                                                                                                                50 Hrs
    Heritage Planning, Regulation, Zoning and Management

Unit-I :                   
Civilization and Settlements

            a.         Urban and rural typology, locations, cultural and historical context
            b.         Rise and development of urban planning 
            c.         Effects of Planned and unplanned development on historic settlement /areas         
            d.         Utopian concepts, moralistic and traditional planning

Unit-II :       
Planning parameters and  Principles

            a.         Principles- types, of planning -regional planning, socio-economic planning.
            b.         Integrated Development Plan.
            c.         Planning authorities.
            d.         Urban design and housing.
Unit-III :    
Regulations and land use control

            a.         Planning objectives, techniques and regulations
            b.         Redevelopment, renewal and urbanism
            c.         Zoning concept: density and area planning, transportation planning
            d.         Legislative control (special areas, public land etc.)
Project Management

            a.          Project Feasibility
            b.         Planning Strategy and objective
            c.         Management systems and cost analysis
            d.         Plan preparation and phase development
Unit-V :      
Economic Prospects and Potentials

            a.         Funding, incentive and trade off
            b.         Conservation, retrieval and renewal options
            c.         Construction document
            d.         Contract, supervision and management

 Module 4                                                                                                                                60 Hrs

Survey, Inspection, Assessing Deterioration and Preparation of Status Reports

Unit - I :     
Factors effecting the monuments and buildings
            a.         Definition of monument/historical buildings /archeological sites /historical remains
b.         Effect of Environment - temperature, humidity, rainfall and air pollution etc.
            c.         Bio-deterioration - Micro-organism, insects, rodents etc.
d.         Human encroachments and urban Developments, vandalism, agriculture growth.    Humidity, dampness and other problems in historical buildings (natural and man-        made causes)

Unit II :      
Inspection and Survey of Ancient Buildings / Monuments

            a.         Inspection of Historic buildings and structures/remains
b.         Introduction to structural classification, recordings, and photography and preparation of drawings
            c.         Preparation of Assessment Reports
d.         Preparation of Status Reports indicating guidelines for conservation and its methodology

Unit - III :  
Structural Surveys, Recording and Photography

a.         Structural survey, architectural analysis and evaluation of available historical data              b.            Structural examination and assessment including foundation, interiors, structural                            section, elevation, roof and constructional technique
            c.         Photography, photogrammetry, preparation of plans sections and elevations
            d.         Aerial photography, LANDSAT-imageries and photo interpretations

Unit  IV:    
Documentation and technical study of material
            a.         Tools of examination of works of Art/ Antiquity.
            b.         U.V. Infra- Red, Radiography, X-rays
            c.         Methods of analysis (chemical), carbon 14 dating. I.R. analysis
            d.         Dating (history of Art), provenance, authentication, fakes and forgeries.

Unit - V:    
 Basics of Financial Management
            a.         Costing and Budgeting and annual and special repair estimate
            b.         Tendering and contracting
            c.         Schedule of planning and Monitoring - Management control System
d.            Infra-structural requirements and final approval of conservation work

* Practical include Surveying and Training

Module 5                                                                                                                                70 Hrs
  Conservation, Preservation and Restoration of Heritage Components and Conservation Technique

    Unit - I   :

Ancient Monuments, Remains and Heritage Buildings
a.                   Idea of shelter, pit dwelling, rock alignments, memorials, shrines, tanks and fortifications.
            b.         Mediums of construction 
c.         Functional aspects of earthen and timber architecture and its associated technology
d.            Deterioration, conservation, preservation and maintenance
Unit - II :   
Stone and Burnt Brick Structures, including rock cut specimens
            a.         Rock cut, stone and Burnt Brick Architecture, use of building materials and                                   technology in historical building
                   b.         Significance of stone/ brick architecture and rock cut structure
                  c.         Technology, deterioration, conservation,        preservation and maintenance
            d.         Review of Indian building technology with special reference to important                                      buildings with case studies

Unit III  :   
Historical Gardens,  Cultural Landscapes and  Archeological Sites
            a.         Nature of Archaeological sites, landscapes
            b.         Historical Settlements - Salient features, patterns etc.
            c.         Heritage Complexes - concept, conservation and preservation
         d.         Development of site historical landscape and restoration of natural and artificial     surrounding.
Unit - IV : 
Conservation Techniques

            a.         Structural Consolidation and repairs Structural failures, and stresses and
their patterns, Under pinning, rock bolting, filleting, jacketing, grouting etc.
            b.         Temporary support, propping and strutting, reconstruction
            c.         Foundation strengthening, nature of soil, failures, consolidation etc.
         d.         Restoration and conservation of Architectural Decorative Elements like Inlay,                                stucco, tiles, glass and mirror work and field studies in conservation

Unit -V :    
 Archaeological sites/Excavated Remains
            a.         Nature of Archaeological sites/ excavated remains
b.                  Documentation and field conservation measures and preservation of excavated sites. Spot preservation and site lab-work.
c.                   History of Archaeological conservation in India
d.                  Salvage and transplantation of archaeological sites, monuments, etc.

* Practical include Site Visit

Module 6                                                                                                                                60 Hrs

Chemical Treatment and Preservation of Painting, Manuscripts, Organic and Inorganic Materials

Unit-I :                   
Classification of materials and environmental  chemistry
            a.         Organic and Inorganic materials - composition,  bonding
            b.         Chemical and physical properties of material
            c.         Behaviour of material towards environmental factors
            d.         Mechanism and reaction in deterioration process.

Unit - II :    
Materials and General Treatment Techniques
            a.         Introduction to the chemical treatment, restoration, preservation
b.            Pre-requisites of chemical treatment and use of different reagents and chemical
c.         Identifying agents of decay, damage etc.
            d.         Preservation techniques and safe packing.

Unit - III :  
Organic  materials - paper, birch-bark, palm leaves, textile, bone,  ivory etc.

            a.         Nature and chemical composition of material and causes of decay
            b.         Treatment in the field
            c.         Analysis and treatment in the laboratory
            d.         Repairs and consolidation

Unit - IV :

Inorganic, metallic and siliceous materials - Metals - copper, bronze, brass iron, lead, gold, silver, alloys stone clay etc.

            a.         Chemical composition of metal/alloys and siliceous materials
            b.         Causes of decay, corrosion and damage
            c.         Treatment in the field and consolidation techniques
            d.         Treatment in the lab

Unit - V:     
Rock Paintings, Murals and Illustrated Manuscripts
            a.  Rock Paintings, Murals and other paintings; characteristics and                                                        techniques of ground plan and treatment and restoration of rock surface                                       paintings – CASE STYUDY: Ajanta, Ellora, Bagh Caves, Brihadeshwara                                             Temple,  etc.
b.         Paintings, illustrated manuscripts - detecting the damage and treatment and restoration, consolidation and preservation
            c.         Environmental setting and air pollutants and their impacts on materials
            d.         Study of colours, use of pigments, scope of intervention

* Practical include Site Visit

Module 7                                                                                                                                60 Hrs
Public Awareness/Cultural Resource Management

Unit - I :    

a.                   Levels of meanings - the functionalist, Structuralist Approaches and Semiotic
b.                  Collective interpretation methods
            c.         The interpretation brief
            d.         Target audience - identifying user needs

Unit - II :    
Communication modes and  tools

a.                   Introduction to mass media including popular and traditions
b.         Audio/Video print ….. The written word     
            c.         Information technology and the World Wide Web, Multi media and computer                               reconstructions
d.         Preparation of comprehensive communication strategy, project, management plans and materials 

Unit - III :   
Public Awareness and  Agencies

          a.         Agencies: Govt. and   Non-Government Organizations, National and International                        Agencies
            b.         Awareness about heritage, non-formal education, exhibitions, publications
            c.         Local community involvement
            d.         Role of individuals and professionals

Unit - IV :  
Cultural Resource Management

            a.         Site and Surroundings Management and maintenance
            b.         Visitors Management, Human Resource Development and Management
            c.         Information Management
            d.         Disaster management and World Heritage site management

Unit - V :   
Monitoring and Evaluation
            a.         Results based management and project monitoring plans
            b.         Evaluation – Tools
            c.         Evaluation – Collective Analysis and Inferences
            d.         Project Resource Management

Dissertation/Report Writing

Students’ research work

Stage – I          :           Research basis, need and justification.

Stage - II         :           Synopsis development, aim, objectives, scope of research, etc.

Stage - III       :           Pre-final presentations/seminars, etc.

Stage – IV       :           Final Presentation. 

Course duration: 1 year
Eligibility: MA in Archaeology/Ancient history/, M.Sc in Chemistry/Anthropology/ Geology, BE in Civil/ Architecture.

    3. Certificate in Conservation, Restoration & Antiquarian Law


Module 1                               20 Hrs

 Laws/ Principles/ Guidelines

1. Conservation approach attitude, professional ethics and scope

2. Theories, modern principle & guidelines

Module 2                                             35 Hrs

Antiquity Act

1. Indian Treasure Trove Act, 1878

2. Land acquisition Act, 1894

3. The Ancient monuments and Archaeological sites and remains Act, 1904

4. Ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains Act, 1958 and rules, 1959. The Antiquities and Art Treasures Act, 1972. Export Protection Act, 1986

5. Social responsibility of Management/ Organisations

Module 3                                                                                             40 Hrs

   Survey, Inspection, assessing Deterioration and Preparation of status reports

1. Factors effecting the monuments/ buildings/ coin/ paintings and other antique

2. Recordings/ photography and preparation of drawings

3. Preparation of assessment report

4. Budgeting/ Financial management

5. Preservation of Paintings/ Manuscripts/ Organic/ Inorganic materials. Paper, Birch bark, Palm leaves/ textile, bone, ivory etc. Metals – copper, bronze, brass, Iron, Lead, Gold, Silver, Alloys, Stone clay etc.

Module 4                                                                                                 25 Hrs

Antiquarian Law

1. Definition of Antiquity

2. Registration of Antiquity

3. Who can hold an Antiquity?

4. Transfer of ownership and is necessary to be intimated to the Registering Officer

5. Antiquity license

6. Condition for license

7. Validity of license and renewal

8. Benefits of registration

9. Exporting an antiquity is legal?

10. Antiquity and Art Treasure Act

11. Government role in Protection and Registration of Antiquities

12. Registration of Antiquities

13. Appointment of registering officers

14. Application for registration and grant of certificate of registration

15. Transfer of ownership, etc., of antiquities to be intimated to the registering officer

Course duration: 3 months

Eligibility: 10+2/ BE/ B.A/ B.Ed/ B.Sc/ B.Com