Wednesday, March 24, 2021

Mathematics-- Nature's Own Language

 Visualization of Nature can Help Students Overcome the Fear in Mathematics

The eminent speakers at the Webinar. The Hon'ble Vice Chancellor Prof. (Dr.) Saikat Maitra, Prof. Sukhendu Samajdar, Prof. Indranil Mukherjee, Prof. Prasanta Narayan Dutta and Mr. Pritimoy 
Sanyal (from right to left).

The School Connect Team of  Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology (MAKAUT), WB organized a Webinar on "Mathematics in Nature" under the initiative of 'MAKAUT er Bandhan' on 21st March 2021. The objective was to help the school students overcome their phobia in mathematics.    

A few examples of Mathematics inherent in nature are: the number of spirals in a pine cone, pineapple or seeds in a sunflower, or the number of petals on a flower. Another wonder in nature is the hexagon we observe in a bee hive. Fractals also make up many aspects of our world, included the leaves of ferns, tree branches and so on. The eminent speakers explained such rhythm of mathematics present in nature with illustrations from everyday life.

The Hon'ble Vice Chancellor of MAKAUT, WB Prof. (Dr.) Saikat Maitra pointed out that everything in Universe is following the rules of Mathematics.MAKAUT, WB aims at uniting all those who love mathematics, in order to build an ecosystem. This will encourage research and innovations. These types of discussions will be organized in future too both in online and offline mode.

Prof. (Dr.) Indranil Mukherjee, Director, School of Management Sciences,MAKAUT, WB mentioned of bio-inspired learning, using models from biological sciences and nature. He said that we must be able to correlate mathematics with nature and then only we shall feel excited. 

 Renowned French mathematician and philosopher Henri PoincarĂ© has aptly said: "The scientist does not study nature because it is useful; he studies it because he delights in it, and he delights in it because it is beautiful. If nature were not beautiful, it would not be worth knowing, and if nature were not worth knowing, life would not be worth living.” Prof. Mukherjee mentioned that during the fight against COVID-19 pandemic science, history, mathematics, all branches of learning are being intermingled.

 Mathematics is actually a language, a vehicle, a medium to communicate universally. We learn about regular geometrical figures like line, rectangle, square etc. But in nature many figures are irregular, eg., leaves, snow flakes, clouds, mountains, coastline. They do not exactly follow the rules of geometry, but has lead to the evolution of 'Fractal Geometry'. Fractals are infinitely complex patterns that are self-similar across different scales. They are created by repeating a simple process over and over, the most common example being cauliflower. Again symmetry in our body, blood vessels is the most astonishing example of geometrical model. We only simulate such models in academics. 

Prof. Mukherjee demonstrated it interestingly with real life examples from nature.

Prof. (Dr.) Sukhendu Samajdar, Director, School of Natural,
Applied & Social Sciences, MAKAUT, WB is of the opinion that visualization of the nature is the way to overcome the fear in Mathematics. As Mathematics is inherent from the aesthetics in nature and this bio-inspiration was realized for the first time by the artists.There is a pattern, symmetry and regularity in many aspects of  nature, which makes us curious and inquisitive.



Prof. (Dr.) P. N. Dutta, Professor of Mathematics in MAKAUT stressed on the fact that Mathematics is all pervasive-- from microscopic stage to galaxies. We can do wrong calculations, but ther is no eror in the Mathematics inherent in nature. Actually our inquisitiveness culminates into love for mathematics. Prof. Dutta stated the example of concentric circles being formed if we throw a pebble in a pond. But it is never seen in a river or sea. The famous saying of Euclid, the Father of Geometry is worth mentioning at this point: "The Laws of Nature are but the mathematical thoughts of God."



Mr. Pritimoy Sanyal, Technical Assistant, MAKAUT, mentioned about the mathematics involved in the way animals hunt.The various pictures of depression sent by satellites reveal the mathematics inherent in nature. 



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